What distinguishes the princess cut?
The princess cut, which is also known in German as Prinzessinnenschliff, is one of the very young diamond cuts. It goes back to the London diamond cutter Arpad Nagy, who originally called his cut the "Profile Cut", but it was repeatedly referred to as the "Princess Cut", so that this name has become established. Another theory sees the origins in Basil Watermeyer's "Barion Cut". It is not possible to precisely determine who is the forefather of the Princess Cut. However, it is proven that the cut in its current form
was created by Betazel Ambar and Israel Itzkowitz in 1980. There are therefore no antique pieces of jewellery with this cut, as it is only a good 40 years old.
A princess diamond is cut with 58 facets and shows a great similarity to the round brilliant cut in the arrangement of the small surfaces. This is why this cut is also called "square modified brilliant" in professional circles. This is also part of the reason for the great success of this cut. It makes a diamond sparkle almost as perfectly as the round cut. Viewed from above, the princess cut is square; placed on the table, the diamond looks like a pyramid.
A very decisive advantage lies in the enormous yield of the cut. If a rough diamond is cut into a round brilliant, at least half of the material is lost. A rough diamond of 2 carats therefore results in a brilliant-cut diamond of 1 carat or less. With the princess cut the loss is much less, up to 80% of the rough diamond can be used. This makes the princess cut one of the most effective cuts of all. The rough diamond is used optimally here.